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4/20/2015

ANGLO BRUSHO WAR


Nagar and Hunza, situated in the Northern territories of Pakistan  were originally one principality known as Buroshall, having central government at  Capal Dongs. After the reign of Miyor Khan his sons divided Buroshall into two regions, Nagar and Hunza. the Hunza River was declared the borderline between the territories. Muglot became  the king of Nagar while Kirkis held the throne of Hunza. Both regions were rivals for  many years. It was the year 1891 when Anglo-Brusho war was fought that bring both the rulers closer to act as allies and fight with British Army. 
The Anglo-Brusho War was between the Principality of current Hunza-Nager and the troops of British India and was fought in Nilt (a village in Nagar ).The  campaign was outwardly due to the Aggressive attitude of the Hunza and Nagar chiefs towards the British agent at Gilgit as they had their own set of rules and were ruling as monarch since ages. Towards the end of the 19th century the  royal troops began consolidating territory in tribal areas. These tribes began to acquire rifles and ammunition from Russians. The  British suspected Russian involvement with the Rulers of these States and a plan of war was set against Hunza-Nagar.
commanded a force with approximately a thousand rifles and two guns and attacked the region at night.
Some local inhabitants from Mayoon (village on the other side of the river between Hunza and Nagar ), armed with a single Urssi/tumak (a weapon might be it looked like riffle attached to a wooden stand and having Russian bullet ) and only one Russian bullet in it climbed  a peak (the name of that peak is  Sheekar) nearby.
They set the target and attacked the British Army. Attack from the other side of the river created an alarming situation for the Britishers thus, they intended to leave the battle. Unfortunately there were local black sheeps too who worked for British army and they knew the people of Mayoon had only one Bullet.
The British awarded three Victoria Crosses during this campaign. The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest military decoration awarded for valour "in the face of the enemy" to members of the armed forces of various commonwealth countries, and previous  British Empireterritories.
The King("Thum" in Brushaski and "Ra" in Shina ) Azur Khan was exiled and sent to Kashmir while the people lose the war.
Today, it is not just the Nilt Fort that disappeared, there was a fort(Kot) in Maiun (Mayoon) too. It's not by Britishers who stormed the fort but the local people and Central Government of Hunza of that time. The fort was built by the Ruler of Hunza on a land acquired from people of Mayoon by force.  Later that land was sold to the locals by the Mir of Hunza and still there  a  room where the owner who bought it from the Mir uses it as a store room of hay for his cattle. Almost same thing happened to the following historical places;
Chaprote Fort
Thol Fort
Pissan Fort  
The importance of these assets have not be understood by locals and even successive governments in past that resulted in the deprivation of  the region's tourism sector. Due the carelessness of our own people and the ruling authority we are losing a number historical places while the world is still unaware of the potential of tourism sector in Gilgit Baltistan

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